The graveyard constructed to honour the martyrs at the battle of recovering Tengchong lies in the west of the county seat at about 1 kilometre's distance. The construction was started in 1944 and completed on the 7th of July, 1945. Covering over 10,000 square meters, the main structures are the memorial tower, the martyrs' tombs, the memorial hall and the gate.
The pine and cypress trees densely planted on the mountain slope add to the solemn tranquility of the site. At the completion of the cemetery, Chiang Kai-shek penned an inscription meaning "The just cause for which they shed their blood lasts forever and ever." Yu Youren wrote the title of the cemetery. Li Genynan praised the martyrs as "National Heroes." Other high-ranking military officers of the Kuomin tang, such as He Yingqin, Wei Lihang, Huo Kwizhang, Zhou Fucheng, Qiu Hanqian and Gu Baoyu, all wrote inscriptions for the martyrs. The cemetery is placed under the province's protection.
Though far away from the central China, Tengchong and Longling counties in the west of Yunnan province have been gloriously remembered into the Chinese history, especially for the WW II. In May 1942, the border of West Yunnan was coveted by the Japanese invaders who had already occupied Burma on the other side of the Nujiang River. When most China's territories on the west bank of the river were lost into the Japanese hands, the Yunnan-Burma Road, which was then the only international passage in the Great Rear Area of China, was thoroughly cut off. In May 1944, the China Expeditionary Army (CEA) launched the counterattack in order to recapture the lost lands, and most importantly to ensure that international military supplies can reach China via the Yunnan-Burma Road. After 43-day fierce battle, came the victory--but with great toll. Six divisions of Chinese military (including the CEA) managed to cross over the Nujiang River and fought bloody battles with the Japanese soldiers.
With the aid of the Alliance, Tengchong was eventually retrieved. However, the cost was big: the toll of Chinese soldiers/officers hit 9,168 and the Alliance 19. The grave yard Sitting at the foot of Laifeng Mt, Tengchong County, the Martyrs' Grave Yard was first constructed in January 1945 to enshrine those sacrificed in the WW II. It covers about 53,000 sq meters, and includes such sights as the Loyalty Shrine, the martyrs' graves, the Monument and the Museum. Travel tips (1)-Tengchong county is in the west of Yunnan province, both flight and bus ride from Kunming are available. (2)-Besides Tengchong, Longling county is another place in W Yunnan where famous battles were fought during the WWII.
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