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Bath Festival of Limi Ethnic People in Yongde County,Lincang

Bath Festival 洗澡会 - 桑沼哩

23 March 2016 in Wumulong

Nothing is known about this festival, but the Limi Yi are a very conservative Yi group living on the foot of Daxueshan around Wumulong Township in Yongde county.

The main festival ground might be some 10km north of Wumulong along the main road. Apparently, the festival has been moved by a week, according to internet resources. Here are a few, boring, pics from the 2011 event: http://www.yongde.gov.cn/E_ReadNews.asp?NewsID=10752
桑沼哩:俐侎族人古老独特的情人节 

桑沼哩,俐侎语,澡堂会的意思,汉译意是:桑树脚下出热水,相约到桑树脚的温泉沐浴之意,俐侎人还称之为情人节或情人街,在每年农历二月十五举行,是临沧市境内彝族支系永德乌木龙俐侎人特有的独特传统节日,可谓是最“古老”的情人节 。

俐侎人,云南独有的神秘的彝族支系族群,喜好打歌崇尚自由恋爱,形成了具有自己独特传统的节日――桑沼哩,据说,乌木龙的桑沼哩节已经有了800多年的历史。清朝年间,每年农历2月15日,青年男女都会聚集在在温泉附近洗澡、围篝火打歌取乐,谈情对歌,互诉衷情,交友择偶的习俗,老者也可与自己的老情人约会,第二天双方不得再见,直到来年方可见面,无论结婚与否,在这天都可以和自己的情人相会,而且家人也不会干涉。随着年代延伸,如今的桑沼哩逐步演变成为集赶集、贸易、旅游、娱乐、休闲为一体的俐侎人狂欢节。如今桑沼哩节已成为永德县每年必办的一项重大节庆活动。

桑沼哩节,有一个优美的传说:相传,朝里若、朝拉若从月利巴拉来到乌木龙腹地泥泽博打猎时,得到三颗饱满的谷粒,后来,三颗谷种发成三大丛,许多乡亲随朝里若、朝拉若兄弟俩迁到乌木龙,开发土地,种上了各种农作物,家家户户喜获丰收。为答谢对开发乌木龙有功的朝里若、朝拉若,族里老人定下全村姑娘于来年二月十五在村旁桑树下的热水塘洗澡,洗完澡后到晚上再燃起火,围着火塘对歌,为兄弟俩择妻。二月十五到来,姑娘们带上亲手刺绣的衣裳,纷纷涌向热水塘,沐浴更衣,跳舞对歌,经过仔细挑选,朝里若、朝拉若兄弟俩各自找到了自己的意中人。此后,为了纪念这一活动,乌木龙每年都举办澡塘会,朝里若、朝拉若的后代也用这一种方式,仿效祖先寻找自己的意中人。澡塘会也成了名副其实的“情人节”。

农历二月十五,月圆时刻,月明十分,纵情桑沼哩。相传,通过在“桑沼哩”沐浴,可以洗去过去一年的晦气,来年好运不断;在此谈情说爱结婚的夫妻,能家庭和睦、白头偕老,这一习俗代代相传延续至今。桑沼哩这天,会举行祭祀仪式、大型歌舞文艺表演和大型药浴“嘻啦糊”等,青年男女的恋爱社交活动是桑沼哩的主体。节日当天,彝家人吹响长号,俐侎人阿朵(小姑娘)和阿悠(帅小伙)身着艳丽民族服饰走上街头时,跳起“大锣笙”舞蹈,之后青年男女都会聚集在温泉宽衣沐浴,而后围篝火对歌取乐、谈情说爱、交友择偶,尽情狂欢,因而“桑沼哩”节又称“情人节”“东方情人节”。

桑沼哩,当地最为隆重的节日,清亮的山歌,轻盈的舞姿,澡塘会的浪漫,简单的爱情,浓浓的民族风情,欢乐的气氛,无不彰显着俐侎人独特的风情,踏歌言情,盟托终身,浪漫情浓,纵情桑沼哩。

 

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