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Zhalete Festival--Hani New Year

Hani is an ancient ethnic group in China, scattering in south of Yunnan including Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Pu'er City and Yuxi City. As shown in some written materials, Hani people are also called Heyi, Heni, Woni, A'ni and Hani (哈泥).


Zhalete, or Shiyuenian, is the grandest and solemnest festival for Hani people. Shiye Calendar is the traditional calendar for them.The first day in the zodiac of dragon in October is their new year. They make cakes of polished glutinous rice, make wine and cook pork and goat to celebrate the festival which lasts for five to ten days.


In new costumes, Hani people clear their villages. Young men usually beat drums and clang gongs the whole night to give life to the festival, expecting a flourishing year. A street banquet is provided in every village. They call it "Zibaduo" in Hani language, meaning taking turns to toast to each other. The banquet in a small-sized village usually lasts for one day, while in larger village, people usually have feast for nearly three days. Each family offers one dish for the feast, so they specially prepare for the dinner specially to win people's favorable comments. During the festival, they also sacrifice ancestors.

哈尼族文化大家了解多少呢,如果都不懂,那哈尼族最盛大隆重的扎勒特节,大家应该知道吧。扎勒特是哈尼族的大年,在每年的农历十月,在哈尼族也可以简称十月年。扎勒特在哈尼族人民的心里颇为重要,因此节日活动非常的隆重。大家想去看一下吗,那么,赶紧随小编一起去看看哈尼族的扎勒特吧。

哈尼族最盛大、最隆重的节日:扎勒特

  扎勒特简介

  哈尼族传统盛大节日。“扎勒特“是哈尼语音译,又称“大年“。时值农历十月,故又称“译腊和实”,即十月年。在农历十月第一个属龙日举行,至属猴日结束,历时5天。哈尼族信奉原始宗教,扎勒特节主要是祭献天神和祖先。夏历十月第一个属龙日开始过年,历时五、六天至半月不等。

  节日期间杀猪宰羊,舂粑粑,蒸黄糯米饭祭祀天地和祖宗,并宴请邻近村寨、民族的宾客。人们身着盛装,走亲访友,求亲订婚,出嫁的姑娘也要带着酒、肉、粑粑回娘家献祖拜年。白日里开展荡秋千、摔跤、打陀螺、歌舞等娱乐活动。夜晚,在村边草坪上燃起篝火,各户抬来桌子,摆上酒肉、粑粑、水果等互相宴饭,充满友爱欢乐气氛。

  节日活动

  一、节日当天各家要在天井里杀一只红毛公鸡,就地煮食,表示祭天。家中成员都要吃一块鸡肉,己出嫁的姑娘不能吃。二、各家早晚要将一些酒菜放在路边,表示祭祖。三、个饭团和一些熟肉给宗族中辈分最高的老人,表示不忘宗亲族人。四、从节日的第三天起,村民于下午自备酒菜聚于祭师家门外,由祭司主持,跳完歌舞。请歌手演唱民间传统长诗。祭毕,每家酒菜摆在村寨街心,共同饮宴,共同祝福,共同娱乐,故又称“街心宴“。节日期间,青年男女可随意交往,谈情说爱,心情娱乐。每家要杀鸡和猪、捣糯米耙耙、煮汤圆敬神祭祖,象征人类繁衍,五谷六畜兴旺。

  “年首扎勒特”:哈尼族的最大节日是过“十月年”,前后历时六天。按照他们古老的历法,每年农历十月第一个辰龙日为新年之始(相当于汉族的大年初一)。新年当天,每个寨子要共杀一口猪。猪无论大小,肉按户平均分配,哪怕心、肝、肺、肠、肚等数量有限,也要家家都分到。到了下午,各家各户用分得的猪肉和下水祭献祖先。节日里阖家团聚,还邀请附近其他民族的好友参加。他们终日欢声不绝,特别是少不了唱起古老的民歌,讲述节日的来历和民族的历史,歌唱丰收的喜悦。

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