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Nujiang Grand Canyon Culture

Nujiang Grand Canyon is located in the valley area of Hengduan Mountain, which three rivers follow together. The section in Yunnan is up to 300 kilometers, with an average depth of 2,000 meters, the deepest is the Bingzhongluo area, in the Gongshan Mountain, up to 3500 meters and known as the “East Grand Canyon”. There are a dozen ethnic groups distributing around Nujiang Grand Canyonion: Lisu, the Nu nationality, the Drung nationality, the Bai, Pumi, etc. with unique customs, so mysterious! Multiple minorities promote the colorful and long-standing culture here.

Water Mill in Gongshan

A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses moving water as its power source. It is thus a structure that uses a water wheelor water turbine to drive a mechanical process such as milling (grinding), rolling, or hammering. Such processes are needed in the production of many material goods,including flour, lumber,paper, textiles, and many metal products. Thus watermills may begristmills, sawmills, paper mills, textile mills, hammermills,trip hammering mills, rolling mills, wire drawing mills, and so on.One major way to classify watermills is by wheel orientation (vertical or horizontal), one powered by a vertical waterwheel through a gearing mechanism, and the other equipped with a horizontal waterwheel without such a mechanism.

Kaquewa Festival

Calendar and lasted 3 to 9 days. Each family was free to choose a fine day to hold the celebration, and the celebrations in the whole area lasted about one month. In 1991, the 10th day of the 1st month of the Gregorian calendar was decided as the official date for the Kaquewa Festival.

The ceremonies for the Drung festivals in each village are somewhat similar, and the programs of the festival are arranged in a special order. The Drungs never forget to worship the Mountain God for happy events. They offer offerings such as various animal figures made of buckwheat to pray for more grain in the next year. In the year of abundant foodstuff and clothing, they will double their efforts to slaughter cows for the god, for in their minds it is only with the god's blessing that the Drungs can have a better life.

The Kaquewa Festival has great value in terms of research on cultural development, calendric origin, and the history of the Drung ethnic group. Carved messages on wood are rare and important materials for research on the social organizations of minorities with no written language.The festival also reflects the Drungs' reverence of nature.

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