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Longyang District Culture

National Customs(民族风情)

Baoshan City Bai Nationality(保山白族)

Baoshan city Bai was divided into two, one is the same as the Dali, Yunnan Bai, the other has its own characteristics. It is quite different with Yunnan Dali Bai in language, dress and habits. Different from the dress of Yunnan Dali Bai clothing of pure and fresh, lively, bright, but in a sense of calm, dignified, of primitive simplicity in front of you. A deep black tone gives priority to women's whole dress, match colors such as red, blue, green and white. This kind of people live mainly in Mangkuan(芒宽) and Xishan(西山) in Baoshan city.

Miao Dage(苗族打歌)

Baoshan Miao Mainly distributes in Mangkuan(芒宽),Wama(瓦马),Bingma(丙麻) and Shuizhai(水寨), it has a long history and culture. “Dage(打歌)”  as the Miao traditional folk art, people in the area of Bingma(丙麻) are fond of it especially.In addition to the major holiday, also often held at ordinary times. The  form of “Dage(打歌)” in  Bingma(丙麻) is unique, In many places, “Dage(打歌)”is in musical accompaniment, jump not sing, and  the“Dage(打歌)”of Bingma(丙麻) Miao is with happy and warm atmosphere, dance while singing.

Yongchang Bowu(永昌钹舞)

Baoshan Yi nationality  distributes in Wafang(瓦房),Wama(瓦马),Wayao(瓦窑),Yangliu(杨柳),Pupiao(蒲缥),Shangjiang(上江),Bingma(丙麻). Cadabo(擦大钹) belongs to the Yi people's traditional dance and martial arts with nature. In Yi is called“Dabo Juzide(大钹聚自得)”.The leading dancer jumps in the center, the accompanists dance around the leader. Since the leading dancer is extremely active and versatile with distinctive rhythm and tremendous vigor, so called the name Cadabo(擦大钹).

Baoshan Yongzi Culture(保山永子文化)

Yunzi Introduction

Yunzi (Traditional: 雲子; Simplified: 云子; Pinyin: Yúnzǐ) refer to special weiqi (Go) pieces manufactured in the Chinese province of Yunnan. At various times in history they have also been termed yunbian (云扁) and yunyaozi (云窑子). Though technically Yunzi refers only to sintered stones made of "yunzi" material (the exact composition is a secret), the term can also sometimes connotate stones which are single-convex of any material. Yunzi-style stones made of jade for instance, were often presented to the reigning emperor and his court ancient China.

The History of Yongzi 

The production of yunzi started in the Tang dynasty and reached its peak in the Ming and Qing dynasties; the total verifiable history of yunzi spans at least five hundred years.

Among yunzi, most famous was the yongzi (永子) manufactured by Yongchang Fu (永昌府, today the city of Baoshan, Yunnan) during the Ming dynasty. It was said[by whom?] that after a fire broke out in an imperial treasury, one of the keepers, who was from Yongchang Fu, discovered that melted pearls and jade had a special luster. When he returned to his hometown, he fashioned yunzi out of the agate and amber for which Yongchang Fu was famous. These yunzi went on to be prized by the literati and were offered to the Emperor.Yunzi also appeared frequently in Chinese literature as the subject of a number of verses penned over the years, being mentioned in works such as Ming Yi Tong Zhi (Ming Dynasty Comprehensive Geographic Survey) and Travels of Xu Xiake, both of which favored the yongzi.

Today in Baoshan there are still people who have antiques dating from the Ming dynasty; among those there remain one and a half original yongzi sets.The yunzi have also been presented to international dignitaries including Queen Elizabeth II.The traditional art of making yunzi was lost during the first few years of the 20th Century because of war in the region. In 1964, General Chen Yi examined the situation of yunzi while inspecting Yunnan. Zhou Enlai also inquired about the possible reproduction of yunzi. The Yunnan Sports Commission investigated the Yunzi manufacturing processes and rediscovered the art.In 1974, the state-run Yunnan Weiqi Factory began manufacturing yunzi stones.They are used in professional weiqi tournaments in China and elsewhere. According to Chinese law, the yunzi stones can only be produced by the state run Yunzi company. The company creates the yunzi in an old factory that was used by the American Flying Tigers as barracks during World War II. The formula is thought to be ground Yunnan mountain stones and agate.

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